THIS OPINION HAS NO PRECEDENTIAL VALUE. IT SHOULD NOT BE CITED OR RELIED ON AS PRECEDENT IN ANY PROCEEDING EXCEPT AS PROVIDED BY RULE 239(d)(2), SCACR.
THE STATE OF
In The Court of Appeals
Dorothy J. Mabe, Respondent,
Larry Mabe, Appellant.
Jane D. Fender, Family Court Judge
Brooks P. Goldsmith, Family Court Judge
Unpublished Opinion No. 2005-UP-294
Submitted April 1, 2005 – Filed April 25, 2005
Thomas F. McDow, of
Rock Hill, for Appellant.
Richard G. D’Agostino, of
York, for Respondent.
PER CURIAM: In this divorce action, Larry Mabe (Husband) appeals the inclusion of certain assets in the marital estate, the apportionment of the marital property, the grant of alimony to Dorothy Mabe (Wife), and the award of attorney’s fees to Wife. We affirm.
Husband and Wife were married in 1983 and separated in 2000. Both parties had been married previously. Wife was 65 years old and Husband was 62 at the time of trial. Both parties are currently disabled and on fixed incomes. Husband’s gross monthly income is $1,302.00 and Wife’s gross monthly income is $559.00. They do not have any children together.
At the time of the marriage, Wife owned a 1979 Pontiac Sunbird and some clothes. About a year later, Wife received approximately $17,000.00 from the sale of the marital home from her first marriage. Wife invested the money in annuities and listed Husband as the beneficiary.
Husband and Wife moved into a house Husband owned in Clover,
After Wife received the sales proceeds from her former home, the parties signed an “Agreement” regarding their property. The agreement recited that their respective assets were separately owned and stated that their “agreement now is that what’s hers will be hers, and what’s his will continue to be his.” Although both parties signed the agreement voluntarily, neither party sought independent legal advice and a single attorney prepared the document.
The couple subsequently moved to a home Husband owned debt-free in
Husband eventually sold everything except a 1977 Ford Truck, a 1969 Chevrolet Nova, and an acre of land with a garage on it. Husband and Wife had a joint checking account together. When Husband sold one of his properties, he deposited the proceeds into the joint checking account and he and Wife “enjoyed the money together.” When the parties sold the marital home in
Later, Husband and Wife returned to Clover, where they built a garage apartment. Wife helped with the construction. The parties lost most of their assets through bad investments. They also spent some of the money.
Husband left Wife one day while she was at church. Husband took the truck and camper, leaving Wife with only her car. Wife was forced to go live with her daughter. Husband allowed Wife to retrieve her personal belongings from the camper thirty days later with a police escort. Husband later changed the locks. Husband testified he left because Wife’s daughter was addicted to drugs and sometimes homeless or in prison for extended periods, obligating Wife and Husband to care for Wife’s daughter and her children.
After Husband left, Wife filed for divorce. Husband refused to accept service, and subsequently served divorce papers on Wife from
The family court issued a temporary order in which Husband was ordered to pay $350.00 per month for spousal support. Husband subsequently dropped insurance coverage on the camper, and the camper was apparently stolen shortly thereafter. Husband then went to live in the garage apartment.
After a trial on the merits, the family court issued an order granting the divorce and awarding $250.00 per month in permanent periodic alimony to Wife, making an equitable distribution of the marital property, and awarding Wife $4,500.00 in attorney’s fees. This appeal followed.
1. Husband argues the agreement he and Wife signed shortly after they married and their actions during their marriage “prove an intent to maintain the separate property of each.” We disagree.
Property may be excluded from the marital estate by written contract executed either before or after the marriage. To be presumed fair and equitable, however, a contract must meet several requirements. The parties must have executed the contract voluntarily, with both parties represented by separate counsel. Additionally, full financial disclosure must be provided to each party, including information as to income, debts, and assets.
We agree with the family court’s finding that the agreement in this case did not meet these requirements. It is undisputed the parties were not separately represented by counsel. Moreover, although Husband alleged on appeal that both parties were aware of each other’s assets, Wife testified that neither party made any financial disclosure. In our view, then, the family court correctly determined that the agreement only evidenced the parties’ intent to keep their non-marital property separate and did not address the ownership of property acquired during the marriage after the execution of the agreement.
We further agree with Wife’s argument that, notwithstanding the parties’ intent about their separate property when they signed the agreement, their combined actions and conduct throughout the marriage evidenced a different intent.
Husband asserts the family court erred in finding the proceeds from the sale of his non-marital assets became transmuted simply by placement into the joint banking account. We, however, do not interpret the appealed order to make this finding; rather, the family court determined these funds lost their non-marital character not only because they were deposited into the joint account into which Wife deposited her earnings, but also because they were co-mingled with marital funds and because Husband was unable to strictly account for them. We find no error in this conclusion.
When the Clover property was sold, part of the proceeds went to renovate the
The proceeds of the sale of the
When Husband sold the nine-acre parcel in
Husband also had substantial assets in the form of a General Electric savings plan. To the extent contributions were made during the marriage, these funds were marital property. From this, Husband invested a substantial amount with Alliance Leasing. When Alliance Leasing went bankrupt, Husband received approximately $53,000.00, which he placed into a Wachovia account in his name. Wife also separately invested her own funds with
Husband further argues that the family court should not have held him accountable for the loss of the camper. We find no error. The temporary order enjoined both parties from “disposing of, conveying out, transferring, secreting, or hiding any marital assets.” After the temporary order, husband cancelled the insurance on the camper. Husband testified that shortly thereafter, the camper was stolen and he received no insurance proceeds from the loss. We see no abuse of discretion in the family court’s decision. It would be inequitable to punish Wife for Husband’s failure to maintain the insurance policy, particularly when, as here, Husband took the camper when he left the marriage, resulting in Wife having no place no live.
2. Husband next argues that, because he made most of the monetary contributions, the family court erred in awarding Wife 35 per cent of the marital estate. We find no abuse of discretion in the family court’s apportionment of the marital estate.
Here, the family court in this case recited that it considered all the statutory factors regarding equitable apportionment found. Although Husband made the most of the monetary contributions to the marital estate, Wife made significant indirect contributions, assisting with both the Clover renovation and construction of the garage apartment and doing yard work and painting. Furthermore, the marriage was fairly long in duration, Wife now has the lesser earning capacity, and Husband’s actions directly contributed to the breakup of the marriage. We find no abuse of discretion.
3. Husband’s next contention is that the family court should not have awarded Wife alimony of $250.00 per month. We find no abuse of discretion.
The marriage lasted 18 years, a relatively long duration. Wife is now disabled and in her sixties. Additionally, Wife suffered emotionally due to the breakup of the marriage.
Although Husband is also disabled, his income is higher than hers. Both parties are on fixed incomes. Wife’s education and prior work experience are limited; therefore, training is unlikely to improve her earning potential. In addition, Husband received 65 per cent of the marital estate in the equitable distribution.
Although the standard of living during the marriage was in dispute, Wife testified that they had “a good life standard of living” without financial problems, and Husband admitted they enjoyed money from the sale of his investments.
Considering the foregoing, we hold the award of alimony to Wife in the amount of $250.00 per month was within the family court’s discretion.
4. We reject Husband’s argument that the family court erred in awarding Wife attorney’s fees she incurred to defend the divorce action he filed in
The family court has no jurisdiction to award attorney’s fees for actions brought in another court. Nevertheless, under South Carolina Code section 20-3-130(H), the family court has the authority to “order one party to pay a reasonable amount to the other for attorney fees, expert fees, investigation fees, costs, and suit money incurred in maintaining an action for divorce from the bonds of matrimony.”
In our view, the family court acted properly in requiring Husband to reimburse Wife for attorney’s fees she incurred as a result the
5. Husband also challenges the amount of the attorney’s fees award. We find no abuse of discretion. The family court awarded $4,500.00 in attorney’s fees. Wife’s attorney submitted an affidavit of fees and costs of $3,230.34, including 22.30 hours of work and costs in the amount of $898.34. Wife conceded that this amount also includes charges incurred at the temporary hearing, in which Wife was awarded attorney’s fees of $500.00; however, Husband acknowledged he never paid the fees awarded in the temporary hearing. The attorney’s fees awarded for the hiring and communications with the
GOOLSBY, HUFF, and STILWELL, JJ., concur.
 Because oral argument would not aid the court in resolving the issues on appeal, we decide this case without oral argument pursuant to Rule 215, SCACR.
 See Bailey v. Bailey, 330 S.C. 326, 330, 498 S.E.2d 891, 893 (Ct. App. 1998) (holding that the family court had no jurisdiction to apportion property excluded by a post-marital agreement); see also S.C. Code Ann. § 20-7-473(4) (Supp. 2004) (providing that property excluded by written contract, including an antenuptial agreement, is non-marital property).
 S.C. Code Ann. § 20-7-473(4).
 See Pappas v. Pappas, 300 S.C. 62, 66, 386 S.E.2d 301, 304 (Ct. App. 1989) (“Transmutation is . . . a matter of intent to be determined from the facts of each case.”).
 See Bryan v. Bryan, 296 S.C. 305, 308, 372 S.E.2d 116, 118 (Ct. App. 1988) (“Property, nonmarital at the time of its acquisition, may be transmuted into marital property (1) if it becomes so commingled with marital property as to be untraceable; (2) if it is titled jointly; or (3) if it is used in support of the marriage.”).
 See Pool v. Pool, 321 S.C. 84, 89, 467 S.E.2d 753, 757 (Ct. App. 1996) (stating contributions during the marriage to an IRA constitute marital property), aff’d as modified on other grounds, 329 S.C. 324, 494 S.E.2d 820 (1998).
 Husband also argues on appeal that “[t]he camper had apparently depreciated almost fifty percent”; however, he offered no record citation to support this assertion and the family court did not make any ruling in the appealed order on depreciation.
 See Roberson v. Roberson, 359 S.C. 384, 389, 597 S.E.2d 840, 842 (Ct. App. 2004) (stating the family court has discretion to decide what weight to assign the various equitable apportionment factors); Bragg v. Bragg, 347 S.C. 16, 23, 553 S.E.2d 251, 255 (Ct. App. 2001) (stating the family court’s apportionment will not be disturbed on appeal absent an abuse of discretion); Johnson v. Johnson, 296 S.C. 289, 300, 372 S.E.2d 107, 113 (Ct. App. 1988) (stating that, “[o]n review, this Court looks to the fairness of the overall apportionment”).
 See Dearybury v. Dearybury, 351 S.C. 278, 282, 569 S.E.2d 367, 369 (2002) (noting an alimony award will not be reversed on appeal absent an abuse of discretion).
 See Burns v. Burns, 323 S.C. 45, 50, 448 S.E.2d 571, 573 (Ct. App. 1994) (“The award of attorney’s fees by the family court is limited to those fees incurred in actions brought in the family court.”); Collins v. Collins, 239 S.C. 170, 178, 122 S.E.2d 1, 4 (1961) (holding that a court has no jurisdiction to award attorney’s fees incurred in related actions, including divorce actions commenced in other counties that were dismissed for lack of jurisdiction).
 S.C. Code Ann. § 20-3-130(H) (Supp. 2004).
 See Rule 12(b)(8), SCRCP (providing as a ground for judgment on the pleadings the defense that “another action is pending between the same parties for the same claim”).
 See Bowen v. Bowen, 327 S.C. 561, 563, 490 S.E.2d 271, 272 (Ct. App. 1997) (stating an award of attorney’s fees is within the sound discretion of the family court).
 See Glasscock v. Glasscock, 304 S.C. 158, 161, 403 S.E.2d 313, 315 (1991) (enumerating the factors that the family court should consider in determining reasonable attorney’s fees).