Carolina Court Administration
South Carolina Supreme Court
Columbia, South Carolina
ROSALYN W. FRIERSON
STREET, SUITE 200
and Municipal Judges
||Robert L. McCurdy, Assistant Director
||Statutory provisions for the distribution of revenue generated by the magistrate courts and municipal courts
June 28, 2013
This past legislative term there was no new legislation passed that will impact the current collection, distribution and reporting of court generated revenues. There were several temporary provisos in the 2012-2013 General Appropriations Act that have been repeated in previous General Appropriations Acts and are repeated again in the 2013 - 2014 General Appropriations Act. There have also been two additions to the memorandum concerning court generated revenue which were affected by laws passed either last year or numerous years ago. Those two additions are discussed below and included in the memorandum.
The entire fees and assessments memorandum for fiscal year 2013 - 2014 will not be distributed in hard copy, but is available on the Judicial Department website at www.sccourts.org under “Court News.” You may wish to download and print the memoranda for your reference.
1. Effective July 1, 2013, Section 118.5 of the Temporary Provisions of the 2013 - 2014 General Appropriations Act requires that, in addition to all other assessments and surcharges, a $5.00 surcharge to fund training at the South Carolina Criminal Justice Academy is also levied on all fines, forfeitures, escheatments, or other monetary penalties imposed in the General Sessions Court or in magistrate or municipal court for misdemeanor traffic offenses or for non-traffic violations. No portion of the surcharge may be waived, reduced, or suspended. This proviso has been included in the last several General Appropriations Acts and is repeated verbatim in this year’s Appropriations Act and is not an addition to collections.
2. Effective June 18, 2012, Act No.270 of 2012 added S.C. Code §55-1-7, to provide that all fees and fines assessed by the Aeronautics Commission under Title 55 must be deposited into the State Aviation Fund. These funds should be collected by the clerk on a monthly basis and forwarded through the County Treasurer to the State Treasurer for deposit in the State Aviation Fund.
3. Effective July 1, 1993, Act No. 181 of 1993 amended Section 50-1-85, regarding Criminally Negligent Use of Firearms/Archery Tackle, provides that 100% of all fines collected from a violation of the statute must be remitted to the State Treasurer to be deposited into the South Carolina Victim's Compensation Fund. These funds should be clearly noted on your report to the County Treasurer so that the proper amount of fines can be transmitted to the State Treasurer for disbursement into the Victim's Compensation Fund.
4. Effective July 1, 2013, Section 76.9 of the Temporary Provisions of the 2013 - 2014 General Appropriations Act provides that if a municipality fails to submit the audited financial requirements required under § 14-1-208 to the State Treasurer within 13 months of the end of their fiscal year, the State Treasurer must withhold all State payments to that municipality until the required audited financial statement is received.
If the State Treasurer receives an audit report from either a county or a municipality that contains a “significant finding” related to court fine reports or remittances to the State Treasurer’s Office, the requirements of proviso 89.65 shall be followed if an amount due is specified, otherwise the State Treasurer shall withhold 25% of all state payments to the county or municipality until the estimated deficiency has been satisfied.
If a county or municipality is more than 90 days delinquent remitting court fines, the State Treasurer shall withhold 25% of state funding for that county or municipality until all monthly reports are current.
After 90 days, any funds held by the State Treasurer’s Office will be made available to the State Auditor to conduct an audit of the entity for the purpose of determining an amount due to the State Treasurer’s Office, if any. This proviso has been included in the last several General Appropriations Acts and is repeated verbatim in this year’s Appropriations Act.
5. Effective July 1, 2013, Section 117.57 authorizes the State Office of Victim Assistance to conduct an audit on any county treasurer, municipal treasurer, county clerk of court, magistrate, or municipal court that the State Auditor has determined has not properly allocated revenue generated from court fines, fines, and assessments to the crime victim funds or has not properly expended crime victim funds pursuant to State law. This proviso was amended from the version in last year’s Appropriations Act. I provide below the entire proviso which indicates by cross through the item deleted from the previous proviso and indicates by italics and underline the item added from the previous proviso.
117.57. (GP: Assessment Audit / Crime Victim Funds) If the State Auditor finds that any county treasurer, municipal treasurer, county clerk of court, magistrate, or municipal court has not properly allocated revenue generated from court fines, fines, and assessments to the crime victim funds or has not properly expended crime victim funds, pursuant to Sections 14-1-206(B)(D), 14-1-207(B)(D), 14-1-208(B)(D), and 14-1-211(B) of the 1976 Code, the State Auditor shall notify the State Office of Victim Assistance. The State Office of Victim Assistance is authorized to conduct an audit which shall include both a programmatic review and financial audit of any entity or non-profit organization receiving victim assistance funding based on the referrals from the State Auditor or complaints of a specific nature received by the State Office of Victim Assistance to ensure that crime victim funds are expended in accordance with the law. Guidelines for the expenditure of these funds shall be developed by the Victim Services Coordinating Council. The Victim Services Coordinating Council shall develop these guidelines to ensure any expenditure which meets the parameters of Title 16, Chapter 3, Article 15 is an allowable expenditure. Any local entity or non-profit organization that receives funding from revenue generated from crime victim funds is required to submit their budget for the expenditure of these funds to the State Office of Victim Assistance within thirty days of the budget's approval by the governing body of the entity or non-profit organization. Failure to comply with this provision shall cause the State Office of Victim Assistance to initiate a programmatic review and a financial audit of the entity's or non-profit organization's expenditures of victim assistance funds. Additionally, the State Office of Victim Assistance will place the name of the non-compliant entity or non-profit organization on their website where it shall remain until such time as they are in compliance with the terms of this proviso. Any entity or non-profit organization receiving victim assistance funding must cooperate and provide expenditure/program data requested by the State Office of Victim Assistance. If the State Office of Victim Assistance finds an error, the entity or non-profit organization has ninety days to rectify the error. An error constitutes an entity or non-profit organization spending victim assistance funding on unauthorized items as determined by the State Office of Victims Assistance. If the entity or non-profit organization fails to cooperate with the programmatic review and financial audit or to rectify the error within ninety days, the State Office of Victim Assistance shall assess and collect a penalty in the amount of the unauthorized expenditure plus $1,500 against the entity or non-profit organization for improper expenditures. This penalty plus $1,500 must be paid within thirty days of the notification by the State Office of Victim Assistance to the entity or non-profit organization that they are in non-compliance with the provisions of this proviso. All penalties received by the State Office of Victim Assistance shall be credited to the General Fund of the State. If the penalty is not received by the State Office of Victim Assistance within thirty days of the notification, the political subdivision will deduct the amount of the penalty from the entity or non-profit organization's subsequent fiscal year appropriation.
Copies of any of the legislation referenced above may be obtained by visiting the Legislative website at http://www.scstatehouse.gov.
The enclosed memorandum has been updated to reflect these amendments and discusses these changes in more detail. This memorandum supersedes prior memoranda from Court Administration on the collection and distribution of court generated revenue. It attempts to outline and explain the statutory procedures for collecting and distributing revenues in the circuit, family, magistrate, and municipal courts as well as the register of deeds. Examples of several of the distributions covered in the text of the memorandum appear in the attachments.
The actual distribution of revenue generated by the circuit, family, and magistrate courts is handled by the county treasurer in most cases. City treasurers disburse monies generated by the municipal courts. The treasurers are required to remit the funds to the State Treasurer monthly on such forms and in such manner as is required by him. The county treasurer can determine which funds should be transmitted to the State Treasurer by referring to the magistrates' remittance form which is "Attachment E." The State Treasurer has not provided us with a copy of the 2013-2014 remittance form, but we will provide this to you when we receive it. However, since all counties are now on the SC Judicial Department’s Case Management System (CMS), you may find that Attachment E is no longer necessary as CMS has a comparable document, and we will provide the updated form to CMS when we receive it from the State Treasurer. The city treasurer can determine which funds should be transmitted to the State Treasurer by referring to the municipal courts' remittance form which is included as "Attachment F." Again, for those cities that are on CMS, Attachment F may be unnecessary. Also, see “Attachment K” for a schedule of civil filing fees collected in magistrate’s court. “Attachment L” includes a list of approved expenditures for victims’ funds. Also, examples of specific fines and applicable assessments/surcharges are included as “Attachment M.” A list of State parking laws exempt from assessments can be found at “Attachment N” of the enclosed memorandum. The recommended roadside bond list, which contains numerous crimes and offenses and applicable assessments, is found at “Attachment P.” Finally, “Attachment O” contains the judge’s total calculator.
In this discussion of the distribution of funds, the general rule for each court is stated and followed by an explanation of the statutory exceptions for distribution. The outline which precedes the memorandum summarizes its contents. Please note in the memorandum specific time guidelines pertaining to the transmittal of these revenues. Strict, prompt adherence to the reporting guidelines is required.
Please provide copies of this memorandum to all members of your staff whose duties relate to the collection or distribution of court revenues. If you or your staff has any questions concerning the collection or distribution of revenue, do not hesitate to contact this office.